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Roof garden has been a concept since the roof was created. City dwellers gather various models of plants on the roofs to escape the danger of fire. Even green roofs, that is, roofs covered with soil and plants, have been around for years. It seems that the more land we have as a gardener, the more space we seek
Reasons to use Roof Garden:
There are many reasons to use roof garden:
- They use unused or underused space.
- A garden makes empty spaces more beautiful.
- They can provide privacy.
- They can be very compatible with environment.
- They are usually exposed to sunlight.
- No animal can interfere with their growth
What are the options for use in our roof garden?
In fact, Roof Garden is an adaptation of urban gardening. You can grow fruits and vegetables on the top of your roof. In addition to the decorative benefits of this place, it can provide cooking, temperature control, increase the structural environment for the implementation of architectural ideas, and may even have ecological benefits. It may seem confusing, but the ultimate goal of this environment is to grow healthy fruits and vegetables, as well as a wide variety of flowering and ornamental plants on the roof.
Herbs such as lavender, mint and pepper have high therapeutic value. Due to the unique aroma of these plants, they can create a relaxing environment for you. You can also grow these plants on the top of your roof. Also, the green color of the plants in the upper part of its roof calms the eyes, calms the mind and in fact helps to relieve stress.
Gardening on the roof
roof gardening is a fun activity. Without the use of harmful chemicals and pesticides, you can grow your own fruits and vegetables at the top of your roof. Local restaurants and supermarkets are looking for natural and organic fruits and vegetables; So, a small backyard garden that even produces fruit and vegetables for sale can be a source of income for you.
Fresh fruits and vegetables are high in vitamins and minerals; Therefore, you will be comfortable buying fruits and vegetables on the market shelves for a long time. Instead of importing fruits and vegetables from distant lands, you can plant them at the top of your roof.
Kind of roof garden
Depending on their characteristics and purpose, they are classified into three main types:
Wide and extend roof garden
One model has a low maintenance structure that includes a thin, lightweight growing environment. This type of green roof is characterized by vegetation, which is often limited to sods, mosses, plants, small flowers, desert grasses and flowering plants. Because the average depth of vegetation is growing, it is easier and more cost-effective to design and generally does not require an irrigation system to survive. It is also ideal for managing heavy rainfall for flat or low slope roofs and retrofitting.
Semi-extended garden roof
It has a combination of compact and extend green roofs. With an average growing depth of about 6 to 12 inches, it is characterized by a very rich ecological host. The greenery in this type of roof garden includes small plants, grasses, large plants, small shrubs and underground cover that require occasional irrigation and moderate maintenance.
A semi-dense green roof is able to withstand more intense rainfall than a wide green roof, while at the same time providing the potential for a formal roof garden effect. The design of this model makes it ideal for long-term care centers, kindergarten play areas and urban picnic areas.
Compact and small garden roof
The design of this roof garden is characterized by deep soils that have an average growth depth of more than 6 inches. A variety of plants can be grown in a compact roof garden from small to large plants, shrubs, ground cover and even small trees.
A compact roof garden provide great potential for highly creative design and biodiversity. This design can support small home gardens, playgrounds, complete parks and even vegetable gardens. But this type of green roof also requires special care for regular professional care and advanced irrigation systems.
In general, the roof garden can be considered a great space for planting plants and flowers, implementing creative design ideas, and an ideal abandoned space for implementing small but practical goals in the design of a villa or house.